Possible Causes for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and the Best Treatment Options

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a medical condition in which the median nerve gets compressed as it travels via the wrist at the carpal tunnel, causing pain, tingling and numbness in the part of the hand. In some cases, the pain may extend up to the arm leading to discomfort when stretching the shoulder and the forearm. In simple words, anything that irritates crowds or compresses the median nerve in the carpal tunnel space can cause tunnel syndrome. For example, wrist fracture can narrow the carpal tunnel and irritate the nerve thus causing swelling and inflammation. Carpal tunnel syndrome is quite common not only in Singapore but also around the world. Statistics have shown that carpal tunnel syndrome exist in up to 10% of the world’s population. So the big question is, what causes carpal tunnel syndrome and what treatment options can we consider? In this article, we are going to share more to help you understand more about this condition.



  1. Disruptions in blood flow

Any condition that causes swelling in the joint can also cause carpal tunnel syndrome. This is because inflammation in the joints hinders blood flow into the hands. Illnesses and conditions that best fit include gout, diabetes, arthritis and hypothyroidism.

  1. Disruptive movements

Almost 70% of all carpal tunnel syndromes are caused by hand and wrist movement. This is contrary to what many people think about the condition. A hand and wrist movement that causes the surrounding tendons and membranes to swell is one the main cause of this condition.

  1. Broken bones

Broken bones, new growth, and dislocation can also cause carpal tunnel movement because they usually invade the space of the carpal tunnel thus increasing pressure on the median nerve.

  1. Tumors

Growth and tumors on the hand can also be one of the causes. Although tumors of this kind are usually non malicious and non-cancerous, they usually form a bump on the space of the carpal tunnel thus increasing pressure on the median nerve. The cause of this growth still remains unknown.

  1. Smoking

Smoking can affect blood flow in the body especially to the arms and the wrist. This disruption can pile pressure on the median nerve result to carpal tunnel syndrome.

  1. Work

Work that involves movement can also cause carpal tunnel syndrome. In addition to that, work that also involves forceful movements, remaining in a stationary position for long period of time and hand arm vibration can also cause carpal tunnel.

  1. Aging

As we age the nerves and tissues that surround the carpel tunnel also wears. Wear and tear of the joints can cause the carpal tunnel to swell and enter the path of the carpal tunnel.

  1. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is also one of the major causes of carpal tunnel syndrome. This is due to the accumulation of fluid along the carpal tunnel.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  1. Surgery

The doctor may recommend Carpal tunnel syndrome surgery in Singapore if the damage on your median nerve is server. Carpal tunnel syndrome surgery involves cutting the median nerve in the wrist that places pressure on the nerve. Surgery can be performed in two different techniques. They include endoscopic surgery which the surgeon uses a telescope to see inside the carpal tunnel and cut the ligament or Open surgery where larger incisions are done in the palm of the hand at the carpal tunnel. Although this treatment is usually considered as the last resort, it yields very good results.

  1. Steroids injections

Steroids injection such as ibuprofen may be administered to help relieve the pain. However, it should be very clear that this type of medication is only used to provide short term relief to pain. Other common steroid injections include corticosteroids which are injected on the carpal tunnel to relieve pain.

  1. Treatment of underlying conditions

Treatment of underlying condition that you may have such as high blood pressure and diabetes can also help to treat this condition. This is because underlying conditions have also been linked to carpal tunnel syndrome. When treating them, you also help to treat this condition.

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